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CHEMICAL BONDING

 

For example;

HCl is formed by hydrogen and chlorine. Hydrogen has one electron in K shell and chlorine has two electrons ion K, 8 in L and 7 electrons in M shell. By sharing one electron each from H and Cl, hydrogen completes its duplet and chlorine its octet and gets a stable molecules.
These different methods of acquiring an octet (or duplet) of electrons in the outer most shell give rise to different types of chemical bonding. The losing or gaining of electrons leads to ionic bonding, while the sharing of electrons leaves to covalent bonding, of which there are several different types.


 

 

 

 

 

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Atoms

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Rutherford's

Bohr's Model

Chemical Bonding

Fractional Distillation

Extractions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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